Differences Between 2WD vs AWD vs 4WD
Choosing the right car will require you to look at a number of factors, such as performance, safety, stability, as well as compatibility with your lifestyle. Based on your driving patterns and routes frequented, you can choose between 2WD, AWD, or 4WD. Read on to know more about the differences between the three drivetrains.
In a 4WD car, the engine provides equal power to all four wheels of the vehicle. In this drivetrain, the wheels spin at the same rate, offering better stability. With 4WD, off-roading is made easier in either high-gear or low-gear modes. The driver will be able to navigate rocky terrains with ease by switching between these modes.
2WD cars are either Front-Wheel-Drive or Rear-Wheel-Drive. In a FWD model, the engine focuses power on the front two wheels. When climbing uphill, this drivetrain allows the chassis’ weight to be focused on the front wheels, therefore allowing the vehicle to be pulled up with more power and enhanced stability.
Most pick-up trucks are enabled with RWD technology. In this drivetrain, the engine powers the rear two wheels, which improves the towing capabilities and payload capacity.
Oftentimes, AWD is considered to be the same as 4WD. Both of these drivetrains engage all four wheels, but they function quite differently. While 4WD vehicles allow all wheels to be powered equally, AWD uses intelligent technology to assess the car’s need and distribute power to each wheel.
AWD technology allows the driver to maintain stability on tricky surfaces, especially while taking turns. This drivetrain engages the engine to power either the front and rear or left and right pair of wheels, as and when necessary, to avoid any slippage. AWD is particularly useful for people who live in locations that are frequented with snow, rains, and icy roads.
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