4WD vs. FWD vs. AWD

 Pacifica 2019

Discovering the Difference Between 4WD, FWD, and AWD

Most people opt for safety and stability when choosing a vehicle. Depending on the type of roads you navigate, you will need to find a model that can provide you with the support you need. 

With the advent of intelligent driving technology, car owners can now choose from different drivetrains that enable them to drive smoothly over varied terrains. Read on to know more about 4WD, FWD, and AWD models. 

4 Wheel Drive (4WD)

4WD cars are designed with an engine that's capable of providing power to all four wheels at once. The engine enables each wheel to spin at the same rate as the others, improving the stability of the vehicle on the road. 4WD cars are ideal for driving in both high-gear and low-gear modes. These settings can be switched to enhance traction over tricky surfaces.


Front-Wheel Drive (FWD)

FWD technology is built into most SUVs and is designed to enhance the torque of the vehicle. Here, the engine powers the front two wheels to march ahead effortlessly. 

While climbing uphill, the majority of the weight is required to be pulled by the front wheels. FWD technology powers these wheels to efficiently carry the car forward on slopes and hilly terrains. FWD cars are also comparatively budget-friendly to make, and their compact spacing arrangement allows you to have additional leg space in the vehicle. 

All-Wheel Drive (AWD)

AWD vehicles are typically confused to be the same as 4WD models. Although the two drivetrains do possess similarities in design, their functioning is quite different. AWD technology allows the engine to individually power each wheel of the car. 

Here, the power distribution is based on which wheel (or pair of wheels) requires more power while driving over certain terrains. On tricky roads, the wheels need to be powered based on their function. AWD engines can thus supply output the front and rear or left and right pairs of wheels to enhance the traction of the car on these difficult surfaces. 

Based on your expectations from a car, you can choose the drivetrain that best suits your needs. So feel free to explore different 4WD, FWD, and AWD models at JT’s CJDR. 

Source: Jeep, Chrysler, Dodge, RAM